Katherine Saul


Dr. Saul is interested in dynamics and neural control of the musculoskeletal system, upper limb biomechanics and orthopaedic rehabilitation, computational dynamic simulation of movement, and musculoskeletal imaging.

She directs the Movement Biomechanics Lab (MoBL), which investigates the relationship between musculoskeletal structure and function in the upper limb.  The lab uses MR imaging, strength assessments, and functional testing in conjunction with computational simulations of the upper limb to characterize and investigate upper limb function and neuromuscular control in healthy and impaired populations of subject

At the undergraduate level, Dr. Saul teaches Engineering Dynamics (MAE 208).

Outside of work, Dr. Saul enjoys spending time with her family, travel, being outdoors, and quilting.


A Direct Comparison of Node and Element-Based Finite Element Modeling Approaches to Study Tissue Growth
Howe, D., Dixit, N. N., Saul, K. R., & Fisher, M. B. (2022), JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4051661
Evaluating anthropometric scaling of a generic adult model to represent pediatric shoulder strength
Dalman, M., Liao, A., & Saul, K. R. (2022), JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2022.111170
Sensitivity analysis guided improvement of an electromyogram-driven lumped parameter musculoskeletal hand model
Hinson Jr, R. J., Saul, K., Kamper, D., & Huang, H. (2022), JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2022.111200
Influence of Brachial Plexus Birth Injury Location on Glenohumeral Joint Morphology
Dixit, N. N., McCormick, C. M., Cole, J. H., & Saul, K. R. (2021), JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhsa.2020.10.019
Isolating the energetic and mechanical consequences of imposed reductions in ankle and knee flexion during gait
McCain, E. M., Libera, T. L., Berno, M. E., Sawicki, G. S., Saul, K. R., & Lewek, M. D. (2021), JOURNAL OF NEUROENGINEERING AND REHABILITATION, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12984-021-00812-8
Location of brachial plexus birth injury affects functional outcomes in a rat model
Doshi, R. M., Reid, M. Y., Dixit, N. N., Fawcett, E. B., Cole, J. H., & Saul, K. R. (2021, September 5), JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC RESEARCH. https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.25173
Reduced joint motion supersedes asymmetry in explaining increased metabolic demand during walking with mechanical restriction
McCain, E. M., Berno, M. E., Libera, T. L., Lewek, M. D., Sawicki, G. S., & Saul, K. R. (2021), JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICS. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110621
Using Reinforcement Learning to Estimate Human Joint Moments From Electromyography or Joint Kinematics: An Alternative Solution to Musculoskeletal-Based Biomechanics
Wu, W., Saul, K. R., & Huang, H. (2021), JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, 143(4). https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4049333
Effect of Mechanically Passive, Wearable Shoulder Exoskeletons on Muscle Output During Dynamic Upper Extremity Movements: A Computational Simulation Study
Nelson, A. J., Hall, P. T., Saul, K. R., & Crouch, D. L. (2020), JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS, 36(2), 59–67. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.2018-0369
Sensitivity of Neuromechanical Predictions to Choice of Glenohumeral Stability Modeling Approach
McFarland, D. C., Brynildsen, A. G., & Saul, K. R. (2020), JOURNAL OF APPLIED BIOMECHANICS, 36(4), 249–258. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.2019-0088

View all publications via NC State Libraries


  • Making connections through adaptive learning innovation
  • Understanding the Mechanical Underpinnings of Rotator Cuff Tear and Surgical Repair
  • HCC: Medium: A novel neural interface for user-driven control of rehabilitation of finger individuation
  • Development and Persistence of Tissue-Level Musculoskeletal Deformity Following Brachial Plexus Birth Injury
  • An Orthopaedic and Engineering Framework to Evaluate Military Injury and Quantify Incapacitation
  • Optimizing Impedance Control of an Ankle Exoskeleton to Improve Post-Stroke Walking Mechanics and Energetics
  • Integrated Iterative Musculoskeletal Modeling to Study Growth and Function
  • Experimental validation of shoulder injury risk across the workspace
  • Parallel Development of Bone and Muscle Impairments Following Neonatal Brachial Plexus Injury
  • R13: American Society of Biomechanics Annual Meeting
Katherine Saul