Cheryl Xu


Dr. Chengying “Cheryl” Xu’s research interests are advanced manufacturing of multifunctional materials, sensor design and manufacturing in harsh environments, process optimization, sensor-based health monitoring and control through artificial intelligence (AI). Dr. Xu is active in conducting research in the field of materials processing and advanced manufacturing and has attracted a high level of research funding. She co-authored a textbook (Intelligent Systems: Modeling, Optimization and Control, CRC Press, 2008) and has published five book chapters. Dr. Xu chaired the 1st NSF National Wireless Research Collaboration Workshop in 2015. She serves as an Associate Editor of ASME Transactions from 2015.

Dr. Xu’s research focus is manufacturing of multifunctional ceramic materials, especially on their electrical/dielectric, mechanical, and thermal properties, and how to manufacture such materials for high temperature applications. Such studies provide great flexibility in design and manufacturing and meet a wide range of application requirements, such as high temperature sensor design, electromagnetic (EM) absorption material, high temperature radio frequency (RF) transparent materials, metamaterial designs for extreme conditions, etc. The capabilities to effectively integrate these technologies and materials into applicable devices are critical for industry and the federal government laboratories. Her research interests have been in the field of advanced manufacturing, and to apply the knowledge and experience to help bring engineering components and devices for next generation energy, environmental, aerospace and defense applications, with specific focuses on the following aspects:

  • Research and development of novel multifunctional materials with desirable structures/functionalities;
  • Developing practical/robust manufacturing processes to transform new materials into engineering components and devices;
  • Understanding the fundamental physics and chemistry of advanced manufacturing processes;
  • Integrating artificial intelligence (AI) / machine learning (ML) into manufacturing processes.


Polymer-derived SiOC reinforced with core-shell nanophase structure of ZrB2/ZrO2 for excellent and stable high-temperature microwave absorption (up to 900 degrees C)
Jia, Y., Yang, N., Xu, S., Snyder, A. D. D., Patrick, J. F. F., Kumar, R., … Xu, C. (2023), SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 13(1).
Structural Electromagnetic Absorber Based on MoS2/PyC-Al2O3 Ceramic Metamaterials
Liu, X., Liu, H., Wu, H., Zhou, Q., Liang, H., Liu, G., … Riedel, R. (2023, April 22), SMALL.
The Role of Carbon Content: A Comparison of the Nickel Particle Size and Magnetic Property of Nickel/Polysiloxane-Derived Silicon Oxycarbide
Yang, N., Zhang, X., Reynolds, L., Kumah, D., & Xu, C. (2023, January 24), ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS, Vol. 1.
Dielectric and mechanical properties of hypersonic radome materials and metamaterial design: A review
Kenion, T., Yang, N., & Xu, C. (2022). [Review of , ]. JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, 42(1), 1–17.
Electron beam sintering (EBS) process for Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics (UHTCs) and the comparison with traditional UHTC sintering and metal Electron Beam Melting (EBM) processes
Pasagada, V. K. V., Yang, N., & Xu, C. (2022), CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 48(7), 10174–10186.
Highly electromagnetic transparent ceramic composite made of boron nitride nanotubes and silicon oxynitride via perhydropolysilazane infiltration method
Yang, N., Xu, S., & Xu, C. (2022), SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 12(1).
Super-Wideband Electromagnetic Absorbing TiC/SiOC Ceramic/Glass Composites Derived from Polysiloxane and Titanium Isopropoxide with Low Thickness (<1 mm)
Yang, N., Xu, S., Zhang, D., & Xu, C. (2022, December 15), ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS.
A Deep Learning Approach in Optical Inspection to Detect Hidden Hardware Trojans and Secure Cybersecurity in Electronics Manufacturing Supply Chains
Additive manufacturing of ZrB2-ZrSi2 ultra-high temperature ceramic composites using an electron beam melting process
Jia, Y., Mehta, S. T., Li, R., Chowdhury, M. A. R., Horn, T., & Xu, C. (2021), CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 47(2), 2397–2405.
Printable Materials for Additive Manufacturing in Harsh Earth and Space Environments
Schrand, A. M., Kolel-Veetil, M., Elston, E., Neff, C., Ajayi, T., & Xu, C. (2021), In M. L. Terranova & E. Tamburri (Eds.), Nanotechnology in Space. CRC Press - Taylor & Francis Group.

View all publications via NC State Libraries


  • MR&D STTR Phase 1 Proposal on MDA Topic MDA22-T011, Hypersonic Seeker Window Attachment for Hypersonic Flight Systems
  • Accelerating Delivery of a Secure Hypersonic Sensor Network
  • Electromagnetic (EM) Transparency Radome Material Made of Boron Nitride Nanotubes (BNNT) Reinforced Ceramic Composites
  • Multifunctional Ceramic Matrix Composites (CMC) Made with Three-Dimensionally (3D) Reinforced High Volume Fractions of Boron Nitride Nanotubes (BNNT)
  • Wireless Temperature Sensor for Steel Production Process
  • Characterization of Material’s Electromagnetic Property at High Temperature
  • Electron Beam Sintering Processing of Resilient Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics (UHTCs) Coatings on C/C Substrates for Extreme Conditions
  • Electromagnetic Property Measurement Apparatus of Ceramic Materials at High Temperature Environments
  • Accelerating Delivery of a Secure Hypersonic Sensor Network
  • MRI: Acquisition of a Large High-Temperature Vacuum Press for Advanced Materials Research, Manufacturing and Training at NC State University
Cheryl Xu